Unit 1 Summary
Have you ever known anyone famous? If so, you may have
found that they are remarkably similar to the rest of us. You
may have even heard them __object __to people saying there is
anything different about them. “I’m really just a normal guy,”
__protests__ an actor who has recently rocketed into the spotlight.
There is, of course, usually a brief period when they actually
start to believe they are as great as their __worshipping__ fans
suggest. They start to wear __fancy__ clothes and talk as if
everyone should hear what they have to say. This period,
however, does not often last long. They fall back to reality as
fast as they had __originally__ risen above it all.
What will it feel like to soar to such __ altitude _ and look down
like an eagle from up high on everyone else? And what will it
feel like to have flown so high only to __ wake __ from your dream
and realize you are only human? Some only see the __ cruelty___
in losing something they had gained. They often make
__ desperate__ attempts to regain what they lost. Often these
efforts result in even greater pain. Some become __ bankrupt ___
financially and emotionally. The only real winners are those
who are happy to be back on the ground with the rest of us.
Unit 2 Summary
Chaplin is a great comic not only for his own mother country
but more for the world. Chaplin’s Tramp was considered a
little _ crude_ and thought that he had too much of an eye for
the ladies and that his clothes gave him an _ appearance__
more like an Italian waiter than anything else. He resisted
making a _ talking __ movie until 1936 when he made up a
__ nonsense__ language which sounded like no known
nationality. Chaplin achieved great success because he
was an immensely _ talented_ man and the kind of comic who
used his _ physical__ senses to invent his art as he went along.
However, the __collision__ between the need to be loved
and the fear of being __betrayed__ resulted in disaster in
his emotional life which was shown in his movies.
Eventually, life gave Chaplin the stable __happiness__,
that is, his marriage with Oona O’Neil. Chaplin died on
__Christmas__ Day 1977.
Unit 3 Summary
Life in a wheelchair is tough. Living on welfare is just like
sharing a dinner of raw pet food __with__ the cat. Many welfare
__clients__ do not have money to __live__ a decent life. As a result,
lying and cheating the __welfare__ system for __extra__ money
becomes normal. However, some unusual individuals, who
have made a choice to live a life of complete __honesty__, do tell
the truth to caseworkers and __declare__ any extra income they
make. Being honest, however, is not without its problems.
Caseworkers will greatly __increase__ the frequency of their
visits and leave behind a small mountain of paper work for
the client to __fill__ out. The rules say that not a penny is to
be __unaccounted__ for. Not a single gift, no matter how small,
is to be unreported. These rules and the natural consequent
lying unfortunately tend to transform caseworkers from
being helpers of the poor to being __detectives constantly
searching for any forms of cheating.
Unit 4 Summary
Telecommunications is widely conceived as a key
to _ developing_____ countries’ dream of jumping into the
modern world. Although there is some dispute as
to how _ fast___ they can push ahead with their plans,
different developing countries are still seeking their
own ways of leaping over their __ backwardness__ with
one jump in this direction. Surely, they will catch up
with __ developed__ countries on the information super-
highway as long as they __ persist_ in their efforts.
Unit 5 Summary
While loneliness is very common in the U.S., few
people care to admit to it because it is perceived
as (1) __some sort of social disease__. It is seen as
admirable for American heroes to bravely go
alone into the wilderness and for poets and
phi losophers (2) __to seek out solitude__. Some
poets and philosophers, like William Wordsworth
and John Milton and Henry David Thoreau, enjoy
(3) __inspiration from solitude__. When an individual
is not solitary out of choice, the experience is
(4)__ both less enjoyable and productive___. It is
(5)__ our basic need____ to talk to someone not only
about the big things but also about the little
daily things. As a consequence, lonely people
will talk about the little things to themselves, the
cat, the dog and, (6)__ most embarrassingly____, to
total strangers. Therefore, it’s important for
ordinary people to (7)__ stay rational__, make
themselves comfortable at least temporarily,
and find some grace and pleasure in their home.
Unit 6 Summary
The book The History and Geography of Human
Genes was written after the __researchers__ have spent
16 years examining the _ genetic similarities _ between
the populations of the world. This was achieved
largely by taking the blood of hundreds of thousands
of _ individuals_______ from all around the world, and then
analyzing their __ blood proteins ____ .
Scientifically this has allowed the writers to discover the
__ routes__ taken by early people migrating around the
world and also to show that __ under the skin ___we are all
very similar on a genetic level. The ultimate goal of the
study, however, is not just _ scientific ___: it hopes to
have a __ social__ effect by proving that there is
no biological basic for __ racial prejudice _____.
Unit 8 Summary
As a young girl in a Negro town, Zora had no white neighbors,
and to her, white people were only __ different __ in that they
traveled __ through__ her hometown but didn’t live there.
However, when she arrived at Jacksonville, she suffered a
_ change__. She was no longer Zora of Eatonville, but became
the granddaughter of _ slaves___. When she looked in a mirror,
she was now looking at a little _ black__ girl. This, however,
had no _ ill_ effect on her. To her, _ slavery_ was something in
the _ past_. The Civil War had made her a _ full__ American
citizen and had given her the opportunity to push ahead and
_ succeed__ in life. She felt she had nothing to _ lose_ but
everything to _ gain__.